Map of TWNC
On July 2008, this company obtained a permit from Southern Bukit Barisan National Park to develop supervision as well as secure an area of 45.000 ha. The working site of PT Adhiniaga Kreasinusa in Tambling is called as ‘Tambling Wildlife Nature Conservation’ (TWNC).
TWNC area is still well covered with forest. This area consist of low land tropical rain forests, coastal forests, mangrove forests, lake and freshwater marsh as well as low land secondary forests. There is a pretty big enclave in Pangekahan at the eastern side of it. (see TWNC map).
TWNC is a good habitat for Cervus unicolor, Muntiacus muntjac, and wild buffaloes Bubalus bubalis, Sus scrofa boars, several small mammals’ species such as Tragulus napu, Tragulus javanicus, and Hystrix brachyura porcupine. The rare serati Cairina scutulata ducks often visit Sei Leman Lake and Menjukut in TNWC.
With the various different kinds of individual and mammal species to be the potential preys for tigers has made TWNC becomes the best habitat to free the tigers from NAD. The Infrastructures in TWNC have been well built: forest road networking, an available runway and harbor, a map, base camp as well as guesthouses, sufficient vehicles availability, all gathered information on flora and fauna as well as sufficient human resources who are ready to train to free the tiger in the particular site.
Tambling Wildlife Nature Conservation or TWNC is a conservation forest initially run/managed by Artha Graha Peduli or AGP Foundation since 1996, where in 2010 it was officially part of AGP’s green program with the signing of cooperation agreement between TWNC and AGP. It covers 45,000 hectares and (according to the cooperation agreement between Ministry of Forestry and TWNC) of forest which is part of 365,000 hectares South Bukit Barisan National Park or SBBNP and 14.082 hectares of sea marine reserve. The forest is located on the southern tip of Sumatera Island and it is quite remote area where no public transportation available.
In the past, several illegal activities occurred in TWNC, such as illegal hunting, logging, fishing, and uncontrolled land use. Such activities created deforestation of the SBBNP and reduced the available forest area by approximately 20%. In addition, the practice of blast fishing damaged the natural reefs within the sea conservation area, which accounts for 20,000 hectares surrounding the TWNC.
Artha Graha Peduli’s Green Society program has been operating in TWNC since 1998. Designed to slowly and progressively increase in intensity to recover the damage TWNC has experienced in the past, it has managed to reduce, or at least stabilize, the rate of deforestation in TWNC. AGP’s other efforts include:
- Reforestation by planting trees which covers many different types of endemic species such as Waru (Hibiscus tiliaceus), Bayur (Pterospermum javanicum) and Nyamplung (Calophyllum inophyllum). Around 10,000 trees have been planted since 1998.
- Protecting the forest by assisting Indonesian forest patrols with additional personnel equipped with basic equipment. AGP’s personnel are not only protecting the forest using the required force, but also through soft approaches such as giving short courses to the villagers surrounding TWNC on the importance and significance of maintaining our forests for biodiversity, oxygen production, and future generations.
- Empowering the people and villagers surrounding TWNC to work and assist the AGP’s green activities in revitalizing the severely deforested forest.
- Empowering ex-drug addicts/residents. Through the cooperation agreement in 2012 between the Indonesian Narcotics Bureau (BNN) and AGP, a post-rehabilitation program was created, and the anticipated results would be a reduction in the percentage of relapsing residents, and engaging them to work together with AGP’s green activities in TWNC.
- Endangered Animal rescue and conservation such as the Sumatran Tigers. In 2010, the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) estimated that there were only 300 – 400 wild tigers left in the whole of Sumatra. In this field, AGP works closely with Panthera, a non-governmental organization focusing on Big Cats to recover as many Sumatran wild tigers as possible. Aside from Sumatran Tigers, AGP also assists in releasing other endangered animals including Trenggiling (Manis javanica) and sea turtles (Chelonioidea). AGP continues to monitor and assist with the Indonesian government to relocate conflict wild Sumatran Tigers, which AGP has been doing since 1998. In total, AGP has relocated at least 8 tigers, released 5 tigers to the wild, and 3 cubs born in a story of ‘miracle birth’.
- The Eco-Tourism program, as part of AGP’s green business activities, aim to create sustainable income to fund its green programs inside and outside TWNC. The eco-tourism program will primarily be focused on benefiting the environment, by limiting the number of people visiting the area, and provide environmentally friendly products and activities, such as using biodegradable products and tree planting activities, as its complementary program for the guest.
Challenges faced by AGP
Although AGP has run and managed the TWNC successfully for a respectable amount of time, there are still many challenges faced by AGP with regards to its efforts for the environment. Some of these challenges are suspected to have begun long ago, during the severe deforestation period. The clearing of the forest area gave the opportunity for “Mantangan” (Merremia Peltata) – an invasive species of flowering vine - to spread aggressively and cover the leftover trees and subsequently killed them.
Besides the “Mantangan” , we also faced the great challenge of the coastal area being eroded over time, as much as 20 meters since AGP started to manage TWNC. This is part of the impact global warming has on the coastal areas. In Indonesia itself, an archipelago of approximately 17,508 islands, many have been lost due to rising sea level, and up to 2,000 islands could be lost by 2030.
As a country blessed with the heritage of the 3rd largest tropical rainforest in the world, Indonesia must rise to the challenge of saving and restoring the forests for the benefit of not only its population, but for all the world’s future generations. TWNC is a conservation that makes up only a small part of the Indonesian landscape, but AGP is determined to make it a shining example of what caring, considerate people can do to help protect the ecosystem and preserve the forest.
TWNC as one small piece of conservation is trying to show how the forest is badly damaged due to global warming and the effort to saving it is much far beyond sufficient. Without the help and assistance from all over the world, the effort will fade as the fund depleted and people suffered in saving the world assets, the forest.