Welcome to Tambling Wildlife Nature Conservation

Tambling Wildlife Nature Conservation or TWNC is a conservation forest initially run/managed by Artha Graha Peduli or AGP Foundation since 1996, where in 2010 it was officially part of AGP’s green program with the signing of cooperation agreement between TWNC and AGP. It covers 45,000 hectares and (according to the cooperation agreement between Ministry of Forestry and TWNC) of forest which is part of 365,000 hectares South Bukit Barisan National Park or SBBNP and 14.082 hectares of sea marine reserve. The forest is located on the southern tip of Sumatera Island and it is quite remote area where no public transportation available.

TWNC Overview

Map of TWNC

On July 2008, this company obtained a permit from Southern Bukit Barisan National Park to develop supervision as well as secure an area of 45.000 ha. The working site of PT Adhiniaga Kreasinusa in Tambling is called as ‘Tambling Wildlife Nature Conservation’ (TWNC).

TWNC area is still well covered with forest. This area consist of low land tropical rain forests, coastal forests, mangrove forests, lake and freshwater marsh as well as low land secondary forests. There is a pretty big enclave in Pangekahan at the eastern side of it. (see TWNC map).

TWNC is a good habitat for Cervus unicolor, Muntiacus muntjac, and wild buffaloes Bubalus bubalis, Sus scrofa boars, several small mammals’ species such as Tragulus napu, Tragulus javanicus, and Hystrix brachyura porcupine. The rare serati Cairina scutulata ducks often visit Sei Leman Lake and Menjukut in TNWC.

With the various different kinds of individual and mammal species to be the potential preys for tigers has made TWNC becomes the best habitat to free the tigers from NAD. The Infrastructures in TWNC have been well built: forest road networking, an available runway and harbor, a map, base camp as well as guesthouses, sufficient vehicles availability, all gathered information on flora and fauna as well as sufficient human resources who are ready to train to free the tiger in the particular site.

Introduction

1Tambling Wildlife Nature Conservation or TWNC is a conservation forest initially run/managed by Artha Graha Peduli or AGP Foundation since 1996, where in 2010 it was officially part of AGP’s green program with the signing of cooperation agreement between TWNC and AGP. It covers 45,000 hectares and (according to the cooperation agreement between Ministry of Forestry and TWNC) of forest which is part of 365,000 hectares South Bukit Barisan National Park or SBBNP and 14.082 hectares of sea marine reserve. The forest is located on the southern tip of Sumatera Island and it is quite remote area where no public transportation available.

Background History

In the past, several illegal activities occurred in TWNC, such as illegal hunting, logging, fishing, and uncontrolled land use. Such activities created deforestation of the SBBNP and reduced the available forest area by approximately 20%. In addition, the practice of blast fishing damaged the natural reefs within the sea conservation area, which accounts for 20,000 hectares surrounding the TWNC.

2AGP’s activities

Artha Graha Peduli’s Green Society program has been operating in TWNC since 1998. Designed to slowly and progressively increase in intensity to recover the damage TWNC has experienced in the past, it has managed to reduce, or at least stabilize, the rate of deforestation in TWNC. AGP’s other efforts include:

  • Reforestation by planting trees which covers many different types of endemic species such as Waru (Hibiscus tiliaceus), Bayur (Pterospermum javanicum) and Nyamplung (Calophyllum inophyllum). Around 10,000 trees have been planted since 1998.
  • Protecting the forest by assisting Indonesian forest patrols with additional personnel equipped with basic equipment. AGP’s personnel are not only protecting the forest using the required force, but also through soft approaches such as giving short courses to the villagers surrounding TWNC on the importance and significance of maintaining our forests for biodiversity, oxygen production, and future generations.
  • Empowering the people and villagers surrounding TWNC to work and assist the AGP’s green activities in revitalizing the severely deforested forest.
  • Empowering ex-drug addicts/residents. Through the cooperation agreement in 2012 between the Indonesian Narcotics Bureau (BNN) and AGP, a post-rehabilitation program was created, and the anticipated results would be a reduction in the percentage of relapsing residents, and engaging them to work together with AGP’s green activities in TWNC.
  • Endangered Animal rescue and conservation such as the Sumatran Tigers. In 2010, the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) estimated that there were only 300 – 400 wild tigers left in the whole of Sumatra. In this field, AGP works closely with Panthera, a non-governmental organization focusing on Big Cats to recover as many Sumatran wild tigers as possible. Aside from Sumatran Tigers, AGP also assists in releasing other endangered animals including Trenggiling (Manis javanica) and sea turtles (Chelonioidea). AGP continues to monitor and assist with the Indonesian government to relocate conflict wild Sumatran Tigers, which AGP has been doing since 1998. In total, AGP has relocated at least 8 tigers, released 5 tigers to the wild, and 3 cubs born in a story of ‘miracle birth’.
  • The Eco-Tourism program, as part of AGP’s green business activities, aim to create sustainable income to fund its green programs inside and outside TWNC. The eco-tourism program will primarily be focused on benefiting the environment, by limiting the number of people visiting the area, and provide environmentally friendly products and activities, such as using biodegradable products and tree planting activities, as its complementary program for the guest.

Challenges faced by AGP

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Although   AGP   has  run  and  managed  the   TWNC successfully for a respectable amount  of  time,  there are still many challenges faced by AGP with regards to its efforts for the environment. Some of these challenges are suspected to have begun long ago, during the severe deforestation period. The clearing of the forest area gave the opportunity for  “Mantangan”  (Merremia  Peltata)   – an  invasive  species  of   flowering   vine  -  to  spread aggressively and cover the leftover trees and subsequently killed them.

Besides   the   “Mantangan” ,   we  also  faced  the   great challenge of the coastal area being eroded over time, as much as 20 meters since AGP started to manage TWNC. This is part of the impact global warming has on the coastal areas. In Indonesia itself, an archipelago of approximately 17,508 islands, many have been lost due to rising sea level, and up to 2,000 islands could be lost by 2030.

As a country blessed with the heritage of the 3rd largest tropical rainforest in the world, Indonesia must rise to the challenge of saving and restoring the forests for the benefit of not only its population, but for all the world’s future generations. TWNC is a conservation that makes up only a small part of the Indonesian landscape, but AGP is determined to make it a shining example of what caring, considerate people can do to help protect the ecosystem and preserve the forest.

TWNC as one small piece of conservation is trying to show how the forest is badly damaged due to global warming and the effort to saving it is much far beyond sufficient. Without the help and assistance from all over the world, the effort will fade as the fund depleted and people suffered in saving the world assets, the forest.

 

Sumatera TigerProgram of Tiger Conservation & Home of Tiger Rescue Center

  • Established Tiger Rescue Center as the Rehabilitation Center for conflict tigers to be reintroduced to their natural habitat. The facilities include giant enclosure of 1 hectare and few big compartments complete with small portable cage for the tigers.
  • Until now, TWNC had already translocated eight tigers for the past two years and released five tigers back to nature.
  • Work closely with the Directorate General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation (DG-PHKA), Taman Safari Indonesia, Panthera (USA base NGO) for tiger conservation and rescue efforts.
  • The facilities also brought comments as a professional infrastucture to the rehabilitation program itself. One of the well known international expert on Big Cats, John Seidensticker and Alan Rabinowitz.

Background : Facts on Tiger

  • The tiger (Pantheratigris), a member of Felidae family, is the largest of four “big cats” in the genus Panthera. Tiger has a lifespan of 10 – 15 years in the wild, but can live longer than 20 years in captivity.
  • Tigers have been classified by scientist into eight subspecies: Indian (Bengal), Indochinese, Sumatran, Siberian, South China, Caspian, Java and Bali. From those eight species, three species are lived in Indonesia where two of it had already extinct (Bali and Java).
  • Three of the eight subspecies of modern tiger have gone extinct, and the remaining six are classified as endangered, some critically so.
  • Tiger mostly feed on larger and medium size animal. Sambar deer, muntjac, wild boar and Malayan tapir both water buffalo and domestic buffalo are tiger favored prey in Sumatra.
  • In Sumatra there are only approximately less than 500 tigers left in the wild (according to WWF).
  • Deforestation resulting from the production of palm oil is a major threat to Sumatran Tiger. The reserves also do not provide safety, as many tigers are killed by poachers each year despite conservation effort.

Existing Infrastructure

  • Office with wifi and phone facility
  • 5 cottages and 2 guest house
  • Airstrip and helipad
  • Jetty
  • Policlinic
  • Watch Tower
  • Evacuation House
  • Security Check Points
  • Fire fighting brigade

Future Goals

  • Conservation program is an on-going and never ending effort as a basic principal of AG Network
  • Implement a more scientific method in doing the conservation, to reduce the green house gases, capacity building of the conservation squad team, and more community development programs.
  • To gain more support from national and international community to do the sustainability of this kind of project for the good of the future
  • To replicate conservation program done in TWNC throughout Indonesia
  • To invite other partners in doing the same effort

Key Pointers of TWNC

Conservation

Conservation of Biological Resources is to manage the natural resources which can be useful wisely to ensure the continuity of supply while still maintaining and improve the quality of diversity and the value.

Tiger Rescue Center

we rehabilitate conflict Sumatran Tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) in hope to realease them back to wildlife nature. but before, we do an examination such as taking care of the wound, behavior monitoring , health monitoring, etc. So we can make sure that they will survive in the wildlife in the end.

Community Empowerment

We work together with surrounding in exchange of knowledge about our go green program and to share about our vision and mission.

Eco Tourism

Travel to natural, relatively unchanged areas, where natural beauties are the main attraction. for the purpose of observing wildlife and learning about the environment.

Scientific Study

We are trying to work together with universities for studies about rainforest and to monitor all the species in it including Sumatran Tiger (Panthera Tigris Sumatrae)

Why They Matter

TIGERS

TIGERS

Tigers are top predator in the food chain that keeps the eco-system going in tropical jungles. Tigers help keep the popu…

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TIGERS
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  • Tigers are top predator in the food chain that keeps the eco-system going in tropical jungles. Tigers help keep the population of herbivores like Deer, wild buffaloes, and omnivores like boars in the jungle. By taking away one important predator, prey will increase at the cost of habitat, which finally impacts mankind direct or indirectly. In other words, saving tigers is equivalent to conserving the Ecosystem.
  • Another species to be exploited? When Bali and Java tigers became extinct on the 20th century, everyone turned their attention to the Sumatran tiger. So its possible for poachers to move on another animals once all the tiger are gone.
MANGROVE

MANGROVE

Indonesia has around 9.36 million hectares of mangrove forest, but 48% is categorized “moderately damaged” and 2…

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MANGROVE
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  • Indonesia has around 9.36 million hectares of mangrove forest, but 48% is categorized “moderately damaged” and 23% as “ badly damage”
  • Are important because the tree itself and the roots they can be home to many different animals, and they also can prevent flood.
  • Will protect coastal areas from erosion, storm surge and tsunamis.
RAINFOREST

RAINFOREST

Trees absorb carbon dioxide and as you will know forest contain many trees of which will produce oxygen an element that i…

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RAINFOREST
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  • Trees absorb carbon dioxide and as you will know forest contain many trees of which will produce oxygen an element that is essential for the process of respiration to occur, and without oxygen there would be no life.
  • Forest are home to almost half of the worlds species with some of the richest biodiversity found in tropical forest.
  • Maintain the water cycle, also protect against flood, drought and erosion.
CORAL REEFS

CORAL REEFS

Coral reefs support a diversity of species and provide irreplaceable sources of food and shelter similar to rainfores…

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CORAL REEFS
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  • Coral reefs support a diversity of species and provide irreplaceable sources of food and shelter similar to rainforest role on the land.
  • Coral reefs form natural barriers that protect nearby shorelines from the eroding forces of the sea.
  • Coral reefs are actually cover less than 1% of the earths surface, but they are home to 25% of all the marine fish species.
  • Economy wise, healthy reefs contribute to local economies through tourism. For example diving tours, fishing trips.

What We Do

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What TWNC Do

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Tambling Wilderness Resort is operated by PT. Adhiniaga Kreasinusa subsidiary institution that has influence in community and economical developement in the country Artha Graha Network in the course of Artha Graha Peduli exertion together with Director General of Forest Protection and Nature Conservation at The Ministry of Forestry Republic of Indonesia.

Community Development Programs

  • Implementation of education program through the school for children
  • Implementation of capacity building programs by training sustainable agriculture and fishery for community
  • Implementation of waste buy-back program, beach clean-up program, waste recycling management.
  • Routine socialization on conservation and protection to the nature for over all community.
  • Provide additional help such as school, polyclinic, free medication, and other routine donations

Dedicated and Trained Rangers to Protect the Forest

  • Established an in-house ranger team/squad to better control and protect the forest.
  • Every ranger are well trained on conservation knowledge, they would blends in with the local community to be a guide and example on conservation.
  • Rangers consist of patrol team, security guards in security post, horse rangers.
  • Work closely with Ranger of Ministry of Forestry

Routine Reforestration Program

  • Identify damaged area (by encroachment and illegal logging) and do the effort of reforestation as a sustain program.
  • Numbering the trees to identify if a tree is missing due to illegal activities or natural cause.

Routine Reforestration Program

  • Identify damaged area (by encroachment and illegal logging) and do the effort of reforestation as a sustain program.
  • Numbering the trees to identify if a tree is missing due to illegal activities or natural cause.

whatwedo3

Contact Us

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HEAD OFFICE
Tambling Wildlife Nature Conservation
Pengekahan Desa Way Haru
Kecamatan Bengkunat Belimbing
Kabupaten Lampung Barat, Provinsi Lampung
Phone : +62(82) 8701-2531

JAKARTA OFFICE
PT. Adhiniaga Kreasinusa
Jl. Pangeran Jayakarta No. 115 Lt. 5
Jakarta Pusat
Phone: +62(21) 628-3339
Fax: +62(21) 626-2617